Looking@2.0

A new online course in web 2.0 (or social media) is being hosted by the State Library of Queensland at http://www.slq.qld.gov.au/services/learning/looking

There are some serious prizes on offer :-) but seemingly only for Queensland residents :-( Though the website seems to be contradictory on this point.
However anyone can take the course.

There are eight modules in all, which start at 2 week intervals. They cover most applications, services and tools that users will find useful, from mash-ups to Skype to MMORPGs.

It all starts on 2 August. Even without the prizes it looks worthwhile

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Election 2010 how are the parties using the Internet thus far

“politicians who are not online should question their relevancy to the Australian public” – Karim Temsamani (Google Australia) quoted here

The 2001, 2004 and 2007 Australian federal elections were hailed in different ways as making Internet history. The 2001 election saw the widespread first use of personal websites by candidates and the first attacking mini-sites produced by the major parties. The 2004 election saw the first widespread usage of sites such as MySpace, video and blogs. In 2007 building on the lessons of 2004, there was much wider use of all social networking platforms and online channels and sites such as Kevin07 that were tailored to interact with the voting public.

In 2010, the current election seems to show no progress in online campaigning and in some cases has even moved backwards. Yes, there are many websites, blogs, facebook presences, twitter accounts and video channels, but they are invariably not social or interactive. The minor parties, in particular The Australian Greens (notably Andrew Bartlett and Scott Ludlam) have used social media, online advertising and online communication to good effect. But the major parties are seemingly only using online media as a vehicle to push content streams.

The facebook pages, created for the parties and leading candidates offer little real engagement with their ‘like’ supporters by the principal actors, but mainly just provide a drip feed of policy announcements and media releases. The comments areas appear to be moderately badly, if at all, and are beset by trolls from either side of politics who hijack any useful conversation.

In 2007, the then opposition Labor party created Kevin07 as a single access point to rally , communicate and disseminate information with voters, such was the sites success that it remains a known entity long after its demise. The opposition in this election is Tony Abbott, but there is no comparable Tony10. Tony Abbott’s own website remains focussed on his constituency and so seemingly badly have the Liberals judged SEO that the Liberal Party website does not even come up in the first page of results when Googling his name. The Labor party have though taken the opportunity to sponsor a link to an attack website. (see image below)
Tony Abbott Google results page

The Labor party has created many campaign videos and mini-sites as well as a Phoney_Tony twitter presence and Labor Connect (a social networking website). They have also created highly moderated blogs that generally have media releases as posts.

The (YouTube) video channels are being used by both parties to project election advertisements to the television media, so that they may be picked up and distributed for free as news content. The television, and in particular the television news cycle, for the major parties is apparently still king, and the 70+ % of online users are being somewhat ignored.

This is very much not an Internet election, at least on the part of the major parties. Maybe it is because the policies that the parties have that are directly relevant to the issues of Internet users are not central to their platforms. There are 2 major issues of relevance, the National Broadband Network and ISP filtering and storage of user information. Neither of these issues has been debated by the parties during the election in any substantial way.

Another issue that may be restricting Internet usage may be lack of money as mentioned in this SMH article. However lack of money would normally indicate a reduced TV budget and an increased online strategy, which we aren’t seeing.

But let us wait and see how the online election develops in the next couple of weeks.

(Note. no parties were endorsed in the production of this blog post)

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librarydayinthelife

I would have posted to Library day in the life, but it was limited to ‘Any one who works in a library.’ I am a librarian but am curently working outside of a library (in Knowledge Management). Maybe it would be better to do a librarian day in the life, then we could see what librarians do beyond libraries. For the record I was writing policy documents, so my day in the life would probably not have been rivetting reading.

Australian librarians who did take part include:
Michelle McLean
Fiona Winston-Brown
Julia Gross
Kathryn Greenhill

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An app for everything and everything with an app

There are apps for everything: calendars, calculators, alarm clocks to wake you up, global time zone converters, apps for blogging or microblogging, for checking your email or Facebook, for getting the score in the latest football game or checking out what’s happening in your local library. In fact, there are more apps than you could poke a stick at, and more are being developed everyday. Check out this great infographic about all about apps from MBA Online.

Apps online Via: MBA Online

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safe passwords

A new paper Consumer Password Worst Practices shows that users don’t create strong or safe passwords, and why it is important that they do.

In late 2009, 32 million passwords from the rockyou website were released on the Internet.  The top 4 passwords were found to be:

  1.  123456
  2.  12345
  3.  123456789
  4.  Password

Do you have a strong password of 8 characters or more, using both letters and numbers for your personal email, your bank, your facebook? Presumably you would want to keep that information secure.

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reCAPTCHA

Have you ever struggled to read a CAPTCHA?
IF (false) THEN
cease reading
ELSE
read on
END IF

Did you know Google has been crowdsourcing corrections to its digitised books for a couple of years now by using their reCAPTCHA service – see http://www.google.com/recaptcha/learnmore. So those sometimes hard to read words were actually often taken from texts and they were too hard for a computer to read, so they were outsourced to you.
Over 5 billion corrections have been made not by volunteers but by websites making millions of people fill in those 2 word CAPTCHAs that verify that you are not a spammer.

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Library Volunteers – is it them or us?

Note. Long post ahead.
“I was bored before I even began” – Morrissey

In the UK the recession and budget deficit has been and will continue to have a major impact on libraries. Local authorities are making cuts to services across the board and libraries are not exempt from this.
Coupled with this is the new Coalition government’s Big Society plans which promote a new paradigm of community participation and volunteering. Libraries have been home to volunteers for many years, this new policy extends that by implicitly stating that volunteers may run libraries.

When I go up and down the country and speak to council leaders, social entrepreneurs and local activists it’s clear to me that there is a real hunger out there to do more – to take on more responsibility and have more control.
So I ask them: ‘what powers do you want? What more do you want to be able to do?’
It’s by asking those questions that you arrive at so many of this coalition’s most transformative ideas.
New powers for local communities to take over the running of parks, libraries and post offices. – David Cameron, Prime Minister

The trades union movement has been quick to condemn the plans, understanding that every time a volunteer is allowed to do something that previously a worker was paid for did, then staff cuts will follow.

Make no mistake, this plan is all about saving money, and it will cost even more jobs and lead to more service cuts.
The Government is simply washing its hands of providing decent public services and using volunteers as a cut-price alternative.
We don’t want jumble sales to provide incubators for babies, we shouldn’t have volunteers taking over our libraries or museums, and where are all these people with time on their hands going to come from?
Are we going to pay an army of newly unemployed to help run services?
Public services must be based on the certainty that they are there when you need them, not when a volunteer can be found to help you. – Dave Prentis, General Secretary of the trades union Unison

It has been said that volunteers will only be used to fill in those times that there are no paid library staff (many UK libraries are already closed at least one day during the working week as a cost saving measure). But those closed times are only there as a result of previous spending cuts. Any volunteer working those during times therefore is supporting a system that entails short working weeks for paid staff.
Even if volunteers are working when paid staff are present, is the work they are doing not the work that someone should be trained and paid to do.

Already there have been strikes in the UK over usage of volunteers to replace paid library workers.

The Chartered Institute of
Library and Information
Professionals has said
:

…this was not a time for poorly thought out proposals that volunteers should run public library services. Volunteers already play an important part in enriching library provision and that will increase. However the value of their contribution is dependent on a backbone of knowledgeable and skilled staff, just as the future of the service itself will be – Bob McKee, Chief Executive of CILIP

In the US there have been very many instances wheren supporters of libraries in the local community have campaigned to preserve library services facing cuts to hours and staffing. However the rise of the volunteer has also been felt in the United States, where again they have been linked to job losses. The US has had a longer history with volunteerism often to their financial advantage. However, in particular with library boards, this has not benefitted libraries and has been the cause of many censorship battles and has resulted in library professionals losing their positions for holding to librarianship principles.

In Australia, we do not have the budgetary constraints as are being felt in Europe and the US. But we do have many public library services that are underfunded. We are not currently facing the issues with volunteers that are causing tensions, but we should not be complacent.

To forestall any future problems, every Australian library should have a volunteer policy that accords with the ALIA policy on volunteers.

Use of volunteers in library and information services for specific purposes is acceptable but must never compromise the quality of service provision, nor replace paid employment in any way.
Library services can be enhanced by well supported volunteers, and providing volunteers with meaningful community roles is a legitimate function of a public library service.
ALIA affirms that volunteer workers must not replace appropriately trained and paid staff:
1. to compensate for the reduction, or withdrawal of services caused by inadequate staffing establishments, failure to fill vacant posts, or cutbacks in overall library and information services funding; or
2. to establish and maintain library services or outreach programs which would normally be established and maintained by paid library staff.
The replacement of trained, paid library staff by volunteers can only lead to a deterioration in the standard and the effectiveness of services, be wasteful of resources and be detrimental to the interests of library users

In Australia we also have the benefit of a coordinating body Friends of Libraries Australia (FOLA), who are supportive of libraries and the librarian’s role. Library volunteers should be encouraged to join and be represented by FOLA, so that our mutual interests are preserved.

If Australia’s public libraries are to make the best contribution they can to helping families and people through harder economic times, councils and state/territory governments need to improve investment in their public libraries as an inclusive people priority, even if their own funding circumstances become more difficult.

FOLA therefore urges all Friends of Libraries to discuss what is occurring in their own libraries with their library managers, and bring increased demand and funding issues to the attention of their councils – FOLA statement

Where Cameron’s Big Society idea is relevant and useful is in communities where there are limited services. In the UK, as here, there are regional areas that do not have a library, shops, post offices or banks. Community activism to provide these services for themselves is a very good thing, as relying always on the state or commercial interest is never a good policy. So where there is no library a community of volunteers setting up their own library is to be welcomed and fully supported.

Where there is an extant library it should be part of that community, in fact, it should be at the heart of it. As such, volunteers should always be welcomed, but not at the expense of staff or expertise.

So what work should volunteers be doing in a public library? From my experience as someone who has previously run public libraries working out what volunteers could do was a job in itself.

Much of the (oft considered tedious) work such as shelving, tidying etc. in my libraries was already done by people, forced on libraries, who were sentenced to do community service (that in itself was a major but different headache). The rest was done by staff, or by employing older school children in the late afternoons. This latter option was far preferable than having volunteers do it as those young people earned small sums, but also learnt valuable library skills for their future studies and we could provide them with a safe working environment, much better than a shift at McDonalds.

So in my libraries at least volunteers ended up doing book repairs mainly. It is not economically viable to repair books if paying staff to do it, but with volunteers it is. Thus in this way books were preserved for the collection and volunteers had a role, and there was no staff impact. There were of course other volunteers who were centrally organised to deliver books to the housebound and assist local heritage collections.

Many of the volunteers that libraries have are retired professionals with many skills and attributes. And many libraries are short staffed and so it is very tempting to allow these capable volunteers to do more. But we must remember Librarianship is a profession, and as such we need to protect it. We cannot continue to maintain that we are a profession if we allow non-professionals to do it.

Where I think volunteers should be used is in creating volunteer initiated projects and courses. Volunteers with the library’s help should use the library as a place to coordinate their own work and utilise their skills for the benefit of the community. Volunteers could set up and run IT training for other users. Volunteers could organise talks and classes depending on their interests and skills, or reading groups, or adult literacy classes. They could even be used to fund raise!

Then of course there is always the often overlooked voluntary skills in a library. Volunteers can be people with trade and craft skills too. Why not get them to improve, beautify and repair the library. There is a profound benefit there and it is one that does not clash with library staffing interests either. Whether it’s the craft group who create works to brighten the library or the person who can paint, restore or build things, these are valuable contributions.

Volunteers should be used to value-add services to a library rather than be used as a cheap source of labour which demeans us and them. The library as place would then be immeasurably improved by adding more volunteers and more community engagement.

This too should be the route for larger libraries. Already all state libraries have volunteer programs. Most commonly the work involves conducting visitor tours, but there is often some form of indexing, checking or data entry jobs. It is fair to say that frequently the latter voluntary tasks are tedious and repetitive work not favoured by library staff, and which do not fully reflect the volunteers skill sets.

The volunteers system should be one whereby a volunteer should propose a project (that ultimately benefits the library) and then receive library support (as in a desk, computer, ladder etc.) to complete that project. A project could be something small like creating a bibliography of the library’s holdings on a particular subject. There are always numerous items in a large library which are overlooked; getting volunteers to work on exposing collections would be a useful task.

With the growing aged population, there will be many more active retired people in the community, who have time and skills to offer. Libraries should adapt their volunteer programs to fit that growth.

The above mentioned has referred to the in-house volunteer. The vast number of volunteers however in future will actually be found online. The large numbers of people prepared to work on Wikipedia or supply corrections to the NLA’s newspaper digitisation program testify to the utility of crowdsourced volunteer programs. All these volunteers require is a clear goal and a workable online system and they can do transformative work.
Please read Rose Holley’s excellent paper Crowdsourcing: How and Why Should Libraries Do It? for more on this subject.

The online volunteer is good for large projects, but probably not so much for a local public library. However even there, there should be some opportunities if you ask volunteers to assist. I don’t know how they could help, and maybe neither do you, but maybe if you ask, a volunteer might know.

Volunteers are an opportunity to bring people to libraries to improve their services, we should not let financial pressures turn them into a potential enemy as is happening elsewhere.

Some takeaways

• Every library needs to have a volunteer policy
• Volunteer numbers will grow
• Pressure to use volunteers as unpaid labour will grow
• Volunteers should never replace paid library staff
• Volunteers are an opportunity not a problem
• Volunteers should be encouraged to join FOLA
• Volunteers should be encouraged to devise their own projects
• Volunteers should own the work they are doing
• Volunteers should be managed in the same way as paid staff, wherever practicable
• Volunteers will mostly be found online

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Read aloud

Your favourite (in the public domain) literary work not in audio format? Why not read it out and send it to http://librivox.org

LibriVox volunteers record chapters of books in the public domain and release the audio files back onto the net. Our goal is to make all public domain books available as free audio books.

With the growth of e-book readers on the market, also don’t forget there are tens of thousands of the finest free ebooks on the Project Gutenberg website which are compatible with all types of readers. One of the earliest and greatest examples of crowdsourcing, Project Gutenberg volunteers have over the years digitised every major authors work which is in the public domain.

Library cartoons

cartoon of a librarian and child using visual metaphors

Deconstructing our roles with the 'library' as cypher - why in the meta-narrative of library cartoons is the librarian always the opposer never the facilitator

There is not one but two US bibliographies of cartoons about libraries/librarians. This détournement of mine is in neither.

http://home.netcom.com/~dplourde/cartoons

http://www.ibiblio.org/librariesfaq/comstrp/comstrp.htm

Cloud Computing

An interesting paper entitled Cloud computing within Government put out by ITWire was recently made available.

Part of the ITWire Round table talks, the paper contains views from vendors and government agencies on cloud computing and its possible usage by government agencies.

The major factor keeping government agencies from using cloud computing services is the lack of standards and security which are fundamental for government records. There are also requirements for some Australian government data that are also yet to addressed (personal datat cannot be held offshore or not be controlled by Australians).
Though as stated in the paper, these issues should not apply to freely available data that is explicity made available for public use, such as that in data.gov.au.

A form of cloud computing is already in wide use by individuals (Google Docs, Microsoft SkyDrive) and of course your personal email account, Flickr photo’s etc. are all managed and stored elsewhere. Cloud computing elevates that so that an organisations entire IT infrastructure can be hosted elsewhere, but unlike personal use, it would not be free. Whether once cloud computing is standards based and secure there will be cost savings substantial enough to host all IT services there as opposed to maintaining it on an organisations site, is yet to be seen. The options have been likened to buying a house or renting a house, do you want to pay up front a large sum and be liable for ongoing maintenance etc or do you want to rent space and move to another platform whenever you wish. Both have costs, I suspect though that for many organisations the renting option will be preferred.

Larger organisations themselves who have capacity could of course offer cloud services to smaller organisations. Thus a large library could offer services to a number of smaller distributed libraries, thus saving costs all round.

Election collecting

Every election campaign produces ephemeral materials – pamphlets, posters, letters and assorted mailouts, websites, advertising – but how do we preserve this material for the future? In a number of ways, it seems. The National Library has been active in collecting and preserving election materials including the websites of election campaigns on Pandora and emphemera generated by candidates in the ephemera collection (material from elections from 1901 to 2007 are findable using the collection finding aid).

The Library will also be going on another collection hunt for material around the 2010 Federal election. The Library aims to collect one copy of all leaflets, handbills, policy, posters, speeches, press statements, pamphlets, letters and reports to constituents and how-to-vote cards, in other words the publicity published by candidates and parties. It also aims to collect items from lobby groups on key election issues such as mining, health, education, the environment and climate change.

The Library is particularly interested in material from marginal electorates, communities with concerns about health services, the mining industry and climate-effected regions as well as the out-lying areas of Queensland, Tasmania, Western Australia, South Australia and the Northern Territory.  If you or your friends and/or relatives in these areas have access to this material, you can forward it for inclusion in the national collection to:

ATTN: Janey Wallace, Ephemera Officer

(Federal Election Campaign Ephemera)

Australian Collection Development Unit

National Library of Australia

Parkes Place

CANBERRA  ACT  2600

If you have any queries about the Library’s election collecting for 2010, please forward them to: acd@nla.gov.au

If you would like to suggest an election website for archival in PANDORA you can use the registration form at: http://pandora.nla.gov.au/registration_form.html or send an email to: webarchive@nla.gov.au

The National Library isn’t the only one collecting election material. Launched earlier today by Open Australia, the Election Leaflets website offers you a way to keep up to date with election pamphlets from around Australia and even get invovled by adding your own from your local political candidates!

Google image search

Getting the most out of your next Google image search is going to be easier when Google have finished rolling out their latest changes. New features include a more compact tiled grid of image results, as well as the ability to scroll between pages (instead of having to click between each one) and a hover (or mouse-over) function that shows an enlarged view of selected images. The changes are set to be rolled out worldwide over the next few days.

New Google image search results display

New Google image search results display

Kindle surprise

According to an Amazon press release they now sell far more ebooks for their Kindle, than they do Hardback books.

Recent milestones for Kindle books include:

•Over the past three months, for every 100 hardcover books Amazon.com has sold, it has sold 143 Kindle books. Over the past month, for every 100 hardcover books Amazon.com has sold, it has sold 180 Kindle books. This is across Amazon.com’s entire U.S. book business and includes sales of hardcover books where there is no Kindle edition. Free Kindle books are excluded and if included would make the number even higher.
•Amazon sold more than 3x as many Kindle books in the first half of 2010 as in the first half of 2009.
•The Association of American Publishers’ latest data reports that e-book sales grew 163 percent in the month of May and 207 percent year-to-date through May. Kindle book sales in May and year-to-date through May exceeded those growth rates.
•On July 6, Hachette announced that James Patterson had sold 1.14 million e-books to date. Of those, 867,881 were Kindle books.
•Five authors–Charlaine Harris, Stieg Larsson, Stephenie Meyer, James Patterson, and Nora Roberts–have each sold more than 500,000 Kindle books.

I think we have reached a tipping point, at least for the hardback prestige end of the book business.

Reading

Australian libraries and library associations have got together to turn 2012 into the National Year of Reading .. We’ll be partnering with government, writers, schools, publishers, booksellers, employers, child care providers, health professionals and a whole host of other organisations that share our passion for reading.

The National Year of reading 2012 project is a very worthwhile cause, but interestingly in the list of stakeholders (above) there is no mention of partnering with any IT company or technology group. This is intriguing as reading and literacy has been fundamentally advanced in the last 15 years or so by technology. 20 or 30 years ago the average young person (outside of school) rarely if ever wrote a single word, not a letter, not a diary, not an article – nothing. Today via mobile phones they will write (and read) on average 30 messages a day. The Internet and its social networking, blogging, chatting etc. etc. also rely on the ability to read the written word. To take part in modern society requires and has attained a fundamentally new level of literacy among the general population as has never been seen before. This form of reading and writing should be celebrated.

We can still value books for their intrinsic worth, but should not forget that it is technology which is driving literacy. Technology allows not only access to the written word, but more importantly it allows for the average person to add their words to the world.

Reading is important, but it is passive, with technology the reader also becomes the writer thus creating an active conversation.